Prior to the conference a minute of silence was observed for the victims of the earthquake that struck Lorca, in Murcia
Approximately one hundred farmers of the 'COAG-Iniciativa Rural de Castilla-La Mancha' (Coordinator of Farmer and Livestock Breeder Organizations-Rural Initiative) gathered together at Fenavin to analyze the factors involved in profitable, professional vine growing, as well as the future perspectives on the markets and liberalization of new plantations as of the year 2015. Before starting the conference a minute of silence was observed for the victims of the earthquake that struck Lorca.
The opening of the conference was precisely affected by the declaration of an Official National Mourning Day in solidarity for the victims of the earthquake, with the conference finally being made up by Alfonso Marín, President of the organization; María Luisa Soriano, Regional Member of Parliament; the Director of the IVICAM, Alipio Lara and Julián Añover, Vice Secretary of the COAG-IR in Castilla-La Mancha.
Against the ups and downs endured by grape must
As commented by Alfonso Marín, found among the matters that concern the farmers of the COAG is the future of the grape and its derived products, sharing Azumancha's opinion that "vine growers are also in search of planning at the beginning of the campaign so that the unbearable ups and downs endured by grape must can come to an end."
The future of wine on the short term also came under analysis, along with orientation of the markets, whether more grape must is being demanded or more red wines and the new emerging countries, such as the Asian countries and Central European countries, etc.
Another subject matter that was dealt with at the session was CO2. "It is going to be exacted that the CO2 content produced be indicated on the bottles, as is already being done in Germany." And of course the matter of liberalization of vineyard plantations was also covered: "We were the first to affirm that liberalization of plantation rights is disastrous for Castilla-La Mancha, as it would involve changing the area's current ecosystem and people would then go where there is more water in order to obtain greater production."
Julián Añover then continued by touching another nerve: "Liberalization of the plantations is something that does not work in these new times, as it is incomprehensible that almost 70 000 hectares of vineyard have been wiped out in Castilla-La Mancha, somewhat rarifying the market, to then plant 60, 80 or 100,000 new hectares in a few years time."
A few of the other matters that were dealt with in the reunion were profitability insurance and the continuing fight so that the price of grapes will, on a minimum basis, guarantee the price of production, during which the Head of General Affairs of the Castilla-La Mancha Institute of the Vine and Wine, Félix Yánez, introduced those attending the session into the techniques and objectives of trellis fashion vine cultivation.
Advantages of the Trellis Vineyard
During the chat Félix orientated the wine makers on adaptability to this type of vineyard, its advantages in comparison with goblet style, transformation, etc. Félix Yánez considers that this type of vineyard has many benefits, such as mechanized harvesting, less risks of enduring more severe frosts and disease, "apart from the fact that the product is more aerated and the plant receives more sunshine in its upper part, because the surface to be exfoliated per kilogram of grape is increased and is therefore in better shape."
This vineyard modality also reduces costs thanks to the possibility of mechanization and it allows being more competitive on the markets, he explained.
As a trellis vineyard grower, Julián Añover acknowledges that at first the effort is tremendous, as is the case with the investment, "because we are up to our ears in debt", however, the yield obtained is greater than that of the traditional goblet vineyard. One hectare may represent between 9000 and 12,000 Euros. Castilla-La Mancha currently has 150,000 hectares of trellis vineyard as opposed to the total of 500,000 hectares of vineyard that exist.