At Fenavin the well-known architect Diego Peris puts on display the architectonic wealth of the wineries of Castilla-La Mancha and Spain over the centuries in an exhibition that is formed by panels with large format photographs
Guided by the reputed architect Diego Peris, FENAVIN pays tribute to architecture with the presentation of the exhibition "The Architecture of Wine", which is located in the Trade Fair's Exhibition area (annexed to the Ganímedes Pavilion). The presentation has the clear objective of "bringing to light the centuries-old first class industrial heritage, which not even the sector itself values as it should", and above all to make manifest that "architecture must be an important ingredient, a referent of the quality of the wine that is being sold and the image of a product that is to be commercialized", Peris asserts.
Castilla-La Mancha and other autonomous communities of the country want to get on the bandwagon of the architecture of the 21st Century as an eno-tourist attraction and thus the National Trade Fair on Wine has organized this collection of 54 panels with large format photographs and explanatory texts on the evolution of winery facilities throughout the centuries,. The same ranging from when wines were stored in caves right through to the current buildings of exquisite designs. Both the Architect Diego Peris and the Photographer Rafael Turnes have taken the photographs.
The exhibition, which is receiving many visitors in the space that is annexed to the Ganímedes Pavilion, is structured into several sections. The first covers the period in which wines were elaborated and stored in caves, "taking advantage of the natural resources", as detailed by Diego Peris, and that were used in Cuenca, in Valdepeñas, etc. during 18 centuries.
A second section documents the wineries that were built in the 19th Century and at the beginning of the 20th Century, employing structures made of wood, cement and finally of steel. In this section, we will see wineries that are in Tomelloso and in the region of La Mancha, etc. and Peris compares these wineries, for example, with the gorgeous Bodega Codorniu that was built by the Architect Puig i Cadafalch, and that is now a protected building of Catalonia.
The third block, into which the exhibition is articulated is dedicated to the architecture that arose after the Industrial Revolution that took place in the 20th Century, particularly focused on the Castellano-Manchego cooperatives per provinces.
The exhibition then continues with the presentation of some specially qualified design wineries, or new wineries and cooperatives. To be highlighted is the bottling plant of Bodegas Félix Solís in Valdepeñas (Ciudad Real), or wineries such as 14 Viñas (Casalobos) in Picón (Ciudad Real), the Pagos del Marqués de Griñon in Malpica or the Dehesa del Carrizal, in Cabañeros.
The exhibition comes to a special conclusion with the new architectures, covering Bodegas Pago del Vicario, work of the Architects Juan Sánchez and Luz Gallego; Bodegas Real, authors of which are Ignacio García Pedrosa and Angela García de Paredes; Finca Antigua, by the LKS Team; Bodegas Naranjo, work of the architects Javier Bernalte and José Luis León; Bodegas Celaya, authored by Eloy Celaya, and Bodega Uribes Madero, located in Huete (Cuenca), with a precious bottle cellar.
In benefit of comparison, the Exhibition also includes a series of panels of wineries that are particularly prominent in the rest of the country, as is the case with Julián Chivite's winery in Navarre, work of Rafael Moneo; Bodega Ysios, work of the Architect Santiago Calatrava or Marqués de Riscal, authored by Ghery, both of which are located in Alava as well as others such as Bodegas López Heredia in Logroño; or Bodega Protos, work of Rogers Stirk Harbour, located in Valladolid.
To be added to all that outlined above are another series of sections in the exhibition that represent a historical reference of the importance of this sector in the economy and culture of Castilla-La Mancha, as well as the importance of the landscapes, as clear examples of how the vineyards and sustainable cultivation have an influence on typically Manchego landscapes. Exampel of these are those of Alcázar, Herencia or Criptana, with vineyards and windmills; or vineyards, windmills and castles, as is the case of Consuegra; or vineyards and wind generators, which are becoming increasingly more common now in the 21st Century.
Design as a reflection of the evolution of wineries
For Diego Peris, "the current wager that wineries are making on modern facilities and carefully executed designs, also involves an esthetic aspect, but it is also proof that what is happening in these wineries has an important level of quality". He adds, "in Castilla-La Mancha we have an industrial architecture dating from the last few centuries that includes a few well distributed treasures, and very singular peculiarities, to which the most trendy of current architecture is to be added. Even if they are not as spectacular as the architecture in the north of Spain, they are still a referent of this area and it must be taken into account in that pertaining to wine tourism".
In the opinion of the architect, this is something that goes beyond the impact of the image, because the modern enological market surpasses mere elaboration of wine, encompassing wine tourism, cultural and leisure activities for which new facilities are necessary, such as tasting rooms or hotel facilities, and offering "an adequate image is important" for this.
As explained by Peris, the National Trade Fair on Wine is "a splendid place" to make this new work about these types of buildings known to all, buildings that in the opinion of the author represent a very important aspect of Castilla-La Mancha's industrial architecture, in particular given the relevance of the sector in the region.
The past edition of FENAVIN already served as a platform for the presentation of the book "Architecture and the Culture of Wine". The book is a descriptive tour through the Castellano-Manchego wineries in which the important specific weight that the culture of wine has in this region is made more than evident, and in which Peris invested more than two years of documental fieldwork.